Post a brief explanation of the differences between the types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. Describe one type of drug used to treat
Post a brief explanation of the differences between the types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2
[ANSWERED 2023] Post a brief explanation of the differences between the types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. Describe one type of drug used to treat.
Post a brief explanation of the differences between the types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. Describe one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected, including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Be sure to include dietary considerations related to treatment. Then, explain the short-term and long-term impact of this type of diabetes on patients. including effects of drug treatments. Be specific and provide examples.
Focus on type 2 diabetes and the medication group: glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA).
Rosenthal, L. D., & Burchum, J. R. (2021). Lehne’s pharmacotherapeutics for advanced practice nurses and physician assistants (2nd ed.) St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
- Chapter 48, “Drugs for Diabetes Mellitus” (pp. 397–415)
- Chapter 49, “Drugs for Thyroid Disorders” (pp. 416–424)
American Diabetes Association. (2018). Pharmacologic approaches to glycemic treatment: Standards of medical care in diabetes—2018. Diabetes Care, 41(Supplement 1), S73–S85. Retrieved from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/41/supplement_1/s73.full-text.pdf
This article provides guidance on pharmacologic approaches to glycemic treatment as it pertains to treating patients with diabetes. Reflect on the content of this article as you continue to examine potential drug treatments for patients with diabetes.
EXPERT ANSWER AND EXPLANATION
Types of Diabetes, Treatment, and Effects
Diabetes is a group of health conditions that occur when the body does not utilize the produced insulin or when the pancreas makes adequate insulin. There are four types of diabetes, including, type 1, gestational, and type 2 diabetes. Their difference can be identified from their definition. Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is a form of diabetes where the patient’s body does not release enough insulin into the bloodstream (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020).
On the other hand, type 2 diabetes results when the body does not use the produced insulin appropriately. Gestational diabetes is often recorded during pregnancy, where the blood glucose raises beyond normal.
Type 2 diabetes can be treated using metformin drugs. The drug is prepared by acquiring metformin hydrochloride solution found in water and clarifying it by treating it with charcoal. Then, the residue is obtained by removing water. The residue is then treated with C1-C4 alcohol to get slurry. The last step is slurry pulverizing to get dimethylamine free metformin (American Diabetes Association, 2017).
The drug works by reducing the level of glucose production in the patient’s body. The drug is produced in a tablet form, and thus the patient is required to swallow orally with a glass full of water.
Apart from the medical intervention, one can treat the disease using non-medical means. The first way is physical activity in a move to lose weight. American Diabetes Association (2028) report that weight loss can also help one improve blood glucose in the body. Also, eating healthy meals can help a type 2 diabetic patient recover.
The patient should eat food with fewer calories, saturated fats, and refined carbohydrates. Instead, the patient should eat food rich in fiber, fruits, and vegetables. If not treated, the disease can cause cancer, affect the circulation system, and kidney. Metformin can cause stomach side effects during the first weeks of its usage.
American Diabetes Association. (2017). 2. Classification and diagnosis of diabetes. Diabetes care, 40(Supplement 1), S11-S24. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc17-S005
American Diabetes Association. (2018). 2. Classification and diagnosis of diabetes: standards of medical care in diabetes—2018. Diabetes care, 41(Supplement 1), S13-S27. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc18-S002
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Dept of Health and Human Services. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics/statistics-report.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fdiabetes%2Fdata%2Fstatistics-report%2Fprevalence.html
Other Solved Questions:
Which Type of Diabetes is Worse for COVID?
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected millions of people around the world, with various risk factors contributing to a higher likelihood of severe disease and death. Diabetes is one such risk factor that has been identified as a significant risk factor for COVID-19 complications. However, not all types of diabetes are created equal.
In this article, we will explore which type of diabetes is worse for COVID-19 and why.
Types of Diabetes
Before we delve into which type of diabetes is worse for COVID-19, it’s important to understand the different types of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This results in a lack of insulin production, which is necessary to regulate blood glucose levels.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes, is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin to regulate blood glucose levels.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. It usually goes away after delivery, but women who develop gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Diabetes and COVID-19
Individuals with diabetes are considered to be at a higher risk of developing severe COVID-19 illness. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people with diabetes who contract COVID-19 are more likely to be hospitalized and have a higher risk of dying from the disease than those without diabetes.
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Which Type of Diabetes is Worse for COVID-19?
Studies have shown that both type 1 and type 2 diabetes increase the risk of severe COVID-19 illness, but which type is worse?
Studies on Type 1 Diabetes and COVID-19
A study conducted by researchers at the University of Exeter found that people with type 1 diabetes were three times more likely to die from COVID-19 than those without diabetes. The study also found that people with type 1 diabetes were more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and require mechanical ventilation.
Studies on Type 2 Diabetes and COVID-19
A study conducted by researchers at the University of North Carolina found that people with type 2 diabetes were at a higher risk of developing severe COVID-19 illness, with a higher likelihood of hospitalization and death. Another study conducted by researchers at the University of Glasgow found that people with type 2 diabetes were at a higher risk of developing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a severe and potentially life-threatening complication of COVID-19.
Summary of Findings
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes increase the risk of severe COVID-19 illness, but studies have found that people with type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of hospitalization, death, and complications such as ARDS.
Why is Type 2 Diabetes Worse for COVID-19?
While both type 1 and type 2 diabetes increase the risk of severe COVID-19 illness, studies have shown that people with type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of hospitalization, death, and complications such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). But why is this the case?
One reason is that people with type 2 diabetes are more likely to have uncontrolled blood glucose levels, a condition known as hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia can weaken the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off infections, including COVID-19.
People with type 2 diabetes are also more likely to have chronic low-grade inflammation, which can further weaken the immune system and increase the risk of severe COVID-19 illness. Inflammation can also contribute to the development of complications such as ARDS.
Obesity is a common risk factor for both type 2 diabetes and severe COVID-19 illness. People with obesity are more likely to have underlying health conditions such as diabetes and heart disease, which can increase the risk of severe COVID-19 illness. Obesity can also impair lung function, making it harder for people with COVID-19 to breathe and increasing the risk of complications such as ARDS.
Overall, people with type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of severe COVID-19 illness due to factors such as hyperglycemia, chronic inflammation, and obesity.
Diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes, is a significant risk factor for severe COVID-19 illness. People with diabetes should take steps to manage their blood glucose levels, maintain a healthy weight, and practice good hygiene to reduce their risk of contracting COVID-19.
Which is Worse Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how your body processes blood sugar, or glucose. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. While both types of diabetes affect blood sugar levels, they have distinct differences in their causes, symptoms, and treatments. In this article, we will explore the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well as the health complications associated with each type.
Additionally, we will discuss management and prevention strategies for both types of diabetes.
Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels, and without it, glucose builds up in the bloodstream, causing a range of symptoms. The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or does not produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels effectively. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is strongly linked to lifestyle factors such as poor diet, lack of exercise, and obesity.
Age of Onset
Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in childhood or adolescence, although it can occur at any age. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is more common in adults over the age of 40, although it is becoming increasingly prevalent in younger age groups.
The symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar, although they may develop more rapidly and be more severe in type 1 diabetes. Symptoms of both types of diabetes include increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, and slow healing of cuts and bruises. In type 1 diabetes, additional symptoms may include sudden weight loss, nausea, and vomiting.
In type 2 diabetes, symptoms may be mild or absent in the early stages of the disease, making it harder to diagnose.
The treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes differs significantly. Type 1 diabetes requires insulin therapy to regulate blood sugar levels since the body cannot produce insulin. This may involve daily injections or the use of an insulin pump. Type 2 diabetes may be managed with lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and regular exercise, as well as medications that improve insulin sensitivity or increase insulin production.
In some cases, insulin therapy may also be necessary.
Health Complications Associated with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can cause short-term and long-term health complications if left untreated or poorly managed.
Short-term complications of diabetes include hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Hypoglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels drop too low, leading to symptoms such as shakiness, confusion, and dizziness. DKA is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when blood sugar levels are too high and the body starts to break down fat for energy, producing ketones that can build up in the blood.
Long-term complications of diabetes can develop over time and may include cardiovascular disease, nerve damage (neuropathy), kidney disease (nephropathy), and eye damage (retinopathy). These complications can be serious and may even be life-threatening, emphasizing the importance of proper management and prevention of diabetes.
Management and Prevention of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Management and prevention strategies for type 1 and type 2 diabetes differ slightly. Lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and maintaining a healthy weight can help prevent or manage type 2 diabetes. In addition, medications such as metformin, sulfonylureas, and insulin may be prescribed.
For type 1 diabetes, management strategies may include monitoring blood sugar levels regularly, administering insulin therapy, and managing diet and exercise.
It is important to note that proper management and prevention of diabetes are crucial in reducing the risk of complications and improving overall health outcomes.
Which is Worse: Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?
The answer to this question is not straightforward since the severity of both types of diabetes can vary widely between individuals. However, in general, type 1 diabetes may be considered more severe since it requires insulin therapy from the time of diagnosis and can lead to more rapid and severe health complications if not properly managed.
Factors that can make one type of diabetes worse than the other include poor management or a lack of proper medical care, the presence of other health conditions, and lifestyle factors such as poor diet and lack of exercise.
Ultimately, the most important takeaway from this article is the importance of proper management and prevention of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes to reduce the risk of complications and improve overall health outcomes.
In conclusion, type 1 and type 2 diabetes have distinct differences in their causes, symptoms, and treatments. Both types of diabetes can lead to short-term and long-term health complications if left untreated or poorly managed. Proper management and prevention strategies are crucial in reducing the risk of complications and improving overall health outcomes.
While the severity of both types of diabetes can vary widely between individuals, type 1 diabetes may be considered more severe since it requires insulin therapy from the time of diagnosis and can lead to more rapid and severe health complications if not properly managed.
It is essential to prioritize proper management and prevention of diabetes to reduce the risk of complications and improve overall health outcomes. Individuals with diabetes should work closely with their healthcare providers to develop a personalized management plan that includes regular monitoring, medications, lifestyle changes, and ongoing support.
By taking proactive steps to manage their diabetes, individuals can lead healthy, fulfilling lives and minimize the risk of long-term health complications.
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What is the difference in treatment for type 1 and 2 diabetes
Treatment Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Insulin Requires insulin therapy from diagnosis May or may not require insulin therapy Oral Medications Not typically used Often used in combination with lifestyle changes Lifestyle Changes Important but not sufficient Critical in managing blood sugar levels Blood Sugar Monitoring Frequent monitoring required Frequent monitoring recommended but not always required Diet Requires strict adherence to a balanced diet Requires healthy eating habits and portion control
It’s important to note that while these are some of the key differences between the treatments for type 1 and type 2 diabetes, treatment plans can vary widely between individuals and may involve a combination of medications, lifestyle changes, and ongoing monitoring and support. It’s important for individuals with diabetes to work closely with their healthcare providers to develop a personalized treatment plan that meets their individual needs and preferences.