Explain how interprofessional collaboration will help reduce errors provide higher-quality care and increase safety
Topic 2 DQ 1
Explain how interprofessional collaboration will help reduce errors provide higher-quality care and increase safety. Provide an example of a current or emerging trend that will require more, or change the nature of, interprofessional collaboration.
Topic 2 DQ 2
Describe one innovative health care delivery model that incorporates an interdisciplinary care delivery team. Explain how this model is advantageous to patient outcomes.
Expert Answer and Explanation
Week 2 Discussion 1
Interprofessional collaboration is where multiple healthcare workers from different professions work together with families, patients, communities, and other healthcare givers in delivering the highest quality of care. The idea of interprofessional collaboration helps in things such as data sharing and efficient communications among healthcare givers as well as between nurses and patients (Reeves et al., 2017). There are numerous benefits of interprofessional collaboration, and one of the main ones is reducing medical errors.
The idea of healthcare gaps often results to numerous costly consequences associated with medical errors, such as misdiagnosis or missed symptoms. Every year, there are over 250,000 deaths that directly result from medical errors. Medical errors are the third leading cause of mortality in the US. The use of EHR notes is important, but it is also important for nurses to learn about good communication skills that help reduce the occurrence of medical errors. Hence, interprofessional collaboration is crucial in medical error prevention as it helps in safe treatment of patients (Bookey‐Bassett et al., 2017). Through interprofessional collaboration, it is easy to optimize medication dosages, reduce preventable drug reactions, reduce the mortality rates, and generally increase health safety.
One of the current or emerging trends in care is the use of electronic health records (EHR). EHR helps in improving the remote coordination of patient care and eases the ability of healthcare givers to achieve interprofessional collaboration. Also, the use of Electronic Health Records allows patients to monitor their conditions with their families remotely, while occasionally consulting the physicians for guidance. This is especially applicable where biosensor technology is applied in healthcare.
Bookey‐Bassett, S., Markle‐Reid, M., Mckey, C. A., & Akhtar‐Danesh, N. (2017). Understanding interprofessional collaboration in the context of chronic disease management for older adults living in communities: a concept analysis. Journal of advanced nursing, 73(1), 71-84.
Reeves, S., Pelone, F., Harrison, R., Goldman, J., & Zwarenstein, M. (2017). Interprofessional collaboration to improve professional practice and healthcare outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (6).
Week 2 Discussion 2
Current developments in healthcare require different healthcare facilities to be innovative enough for them to be able to achieve different care outcomes. A good example is the idea of closing communication gaps which exist in care. In order to remove this gap in communication, different healthcare facilities have implemented the electronic health records (EHR), a system that allows nurses and physicians to remotely collect and store information about the conditions of patients (Miotto et al., 2016). Through the use of these electronic health records, different healthcare givers have implemented efficient care plans for their patients.
The transitioning of patients from one healthcare giver to the next one involves the transfer of various data regarding the conditions of the patient, and the progress that has already been made about the patient. For instance, patients who visit an outpatient facility are often triaged and after the collection of general information about the patient by a triage nurse, the patient does not have to repeat similar explanations to the clinicians who attends to their consultation procedure (Rajkomar et al., 2018). This is because the triage nurse probably used electronic health records that can be remotely accessed by the physician. The physician then probably uses the same electronic health records to pass on information to the laboratory technician about the suitable diagnostic tests, and finally the pharmacist receives the information in the same way.
Nurses treating patients with chronic conditions apply the knowledge about electronic health records in many ways. One of these is the use of these EHR to explain the medical history of the patient and to guide the nurse on duty about the different medications and care procedures that they may have to engage the patients in. Also, the use of EHR helps to reduce medical errors by improving the efficiency in communication and achieving positive outcomes in care.
Miotto, R., Li, L., Kidd, B. A., & Dudley, J. T. (2016). Deep patient: an unsupervised representation to predict the future of patients from the electronic health records. Scientific reports, 6(1), 1-10.
Rajkomar, A., Oren, E., Chen, K., Dai, A. M., Hajaj, N., Hardt, M., & Sundberg, P. (2018). Scalable and accurate deep learning with electronic health records. NPJ Digital Medicine, 1(1), 18.
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