Describe various risk factors or precursors to adolescent pregnancy
Adolescent pregnancy is viewed as a high-risk situation because it poses serious health risks for the mother and the baby. Describe various risk factors or precursors to adolescent pregnancy. Research community and state resources devoted in adolescent pregnancy and describe at least two of these resources. Research the teen pregnancy rates for the last 10 years for florida. Has this rate increased or decreased? Discuss possible reasons for an increase or decrease.
Some teenagers are more susceptible to adolescent pregnancy than others. These risk factors which trigger this difference include; the socio-economic status of the teenager, the immediate environment, personal attitudes, type of family, and the number of resources available at their disposal (‘Power to Decide’, 2019). It is noted that teen pregnancies tend to occur at a much higher rate in the rural communities compared to the urban and suburban centers. Also, the rates are high in the neighborhoods where social segregation is present, where families are not well educated and are earning a low income, and where resources are not sufficient for youth empowerment.
The state of Mississippi has various resources which are devoted to adolescent pregnancy and its prevention. The National Conference of State Legislatures is one such resource which features facts that have been researched about teenage pregnancy. It features discussions on how the issue impacts education and the economy in the long run and how it connects to various precursors such as child welfare and the juvenile justice (‘National Conference of State Legislatures’, 2015). The various state policy options have also been discussed. Another resource is the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) which is offered by the Mississippi State Department of Health. The PREP has the sole purpose of using evidence-based programs to educate the teenagers on abstinence and contraception (‘Mississippi State Department of Health’, n.d.).
Since 2009, the rate of teen pregnancies has declined significantly by approximately 60% (‘Mississippi State Department of Health’, n.d.). However, it is still evident that Mississippi features the highest rates of teen birth today. About 3,000 births per year are from adolescent pregnancies in this state (‘Power to Decide’, 2019). This decrease in rates may be attributed to the fact that the state has taken measures to educate the youth early on in life before many can become sexually active (‘Power to Decide’, 2019). The youth are more empowered on steps to take to avoid getting pregnant.
Mississippi State Department of Health. (n.d.). Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP). Retrieved from https://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/handlers/printcontent.cfm?ContentID=11790&ThisPageURL=http%3A%2F%2Fmsdh%2Ems%2Egov%2Fmsdhsite%2Findex%2Ecfm%2Findex%2Ecfm&EntryCode=11790&GroupID=44
National Conference of State Legislatures. (2015). Teen Pregnancy in Mississippi. Retrieved from http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/teen-pregnancy-in-mississippi.aspx
Power to Decide. (2019). Mississippi Data. Retrieved from https://powertodecide.org/what-we-do/information/national-state-data/mississippi